How does the immune system work?

Throughout our lives, it is the immune system that defends our body from bacteria, viruses and microorganisms. They are all around us, and its main function is to remove harmful and foreign cells from our body. It consists of organs, tissues, cells that work together to fight a particular disease, infection or virus.

Did you know that there are actually two immune systems? Innate and acquired immune system.

Innate immune system

This type includes all sutures with which the body is born. It is the first defense against infections. It acts on general grounds - quickly manages to defuse bacteria of any type. Although it is fast, it is activated over a period of time and does not always succeed in fighting off certain pathogens.

Acquired immune system

When our innate immune system fails to deal with an infection that has occurred, our body responds with our acquired immune system. It registers unwanted infections and stores them in our immunological memory. This memory recognizes pathogens that have "lodged" in our body before and turns on the acquired immune response. This is the reason we get sick once in our lifetime from a certain disease.

Myths about the immune system

If you get sick, then you have a weak immune system

High fever weakens the immune system - it even helps. This is the mechanism by which the body fights the attacks of viruses. It is the high temperature that makes it difficult for viruses and bacteria.

Taking vitamins boosts your immune system - as many are not fully absorbed by the body, it can lead to dangerous conditions and problems with your health.

How to maintain and strengthen the immune system?

Eating environmentally friendly foods - fruits, vegetables, grains and legumes, seeds, nuts, olives. They stimulate our immune system because they are rich in antioxidants, minerals, vitamins - zinc, copper, selenium, magnesium, potassium, calcium and iron.

Movement - moving the body regularly will reduce stress and increase the number of immune cells in the body. Exercise should be regular, with a balanced duration. This way you will stimulate the Th cells and reduce the risk of infections.

Water intake - this will help dissolve various toxic substances. An intake of 1.5 - 2 liters per day is recommended.

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